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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites

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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the Mexican state of Veracruz, small ceramic animals with attached wheels. At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-Columbian culture. On reflection, however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief. To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting, transportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits. 

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above? 

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals. 

B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use.

C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures.

D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals. 

E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.

Official Answer

1 Answer

flamingo
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A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals. - this is not necessarily true 
B. 
If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted it to everyday use. - had the pre-Columbian people be aware about the principle of wheel, they should have adapted it to everyday use 
C. 
If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures. - this is correct, if the pre-Columbian people knew the principle of wheel, then they would not have required the wheeled ceramic animal to apply the idea of wheel 
D. 
Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals. - the extract does not mean this 
E. 
Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures. - totally out of scope

answered Dec 15, 2015 by Guru (5,808 points)
1Comments

B. . If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use.

and not

B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted it to everyday use.

So above conclusion seems correct.

commented Jan 30, 2016 by Partner (551 points)
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