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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced

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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

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Manshul Arora
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If you use "BOTH" the sentence structure would have to be:
"that was rooted both in X....and ...in Y"

We have:
"that was rooted both in [the stride-piano tradition of these guys], yet in many ways.."

WHERE is Y?

Note the "and" between "Willie and Duke Ellington" isn't part of the same structure. You would need the word "IN" or some other prepositional phrase like "both IN X and ON Y"---simply have the word "and" without the correct structure is NOT what we want.

SO there is no X&Y consistency here so it's no good. Specifically, the word "BOTH" is no good.

There's nothing wrong with "the jazz pianist and composer" - it's just that if you see other answer choices that say the same exact thing but in fewer words, then you want the other guy. "THE jazz pianist and composer" can be simplified to "Jazz pianist and composer" without sacrificing any meaning.    

Main problem of this sentence is PARALLELISM: idiom: both X and Y --> X and Y must be parallel.
And we should try to keep the subject as close to the verb or modifier.


Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
Wrong. Not parallel: both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
Wrong. Same as in A. rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
Wrong. A clause "who produced a body......" is MODIFIER ==> It means if you eliminate it, the sentence is still sensible. Let try:
Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory..
==> The red part is not a sentence. --> Wrong.
The green part is a complete sentence with S and V.
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct.
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Wrong. Same problem as in A and B. rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington

answered Nov 6, 2015 by Beginner (1 point)
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