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As air-breathing mammals, whales must once have lived on land and

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As air-breathing mammals, whales must once have lived on land and needed hind limbs capable of supporting the mammals' weight. Whales have the bare remnants of a pelvis. If animals have a pelvis, we expect them to have hind limbs. A newly discovered fossilized whale skeleton has very fragile hind limbs that could not have supported the animal's weight on land. This skeleton had a partial pelvis.
If the statements above are true, which one of the following, if also true, would most strongly support the conclusion that the fragile hind limbs are remnants of limbs that land-dwelling whales once had?
(A) Whale bones older than the fossilized hind limbs confirm that ancient whales had full pelvises.
(B) No skeletons of ancient whales with intact hind limbs capable of supporting the mammals' weight have ever been found.
(C) Scientists are uncertain whether the apparently non-functioning limbs of other early mammals derived from once-functioning limbs of their ancestors.
(D) Other large-bodied mammals like seals and sea lions manoeuvre on beaches and rocky coasts without fully functioning hind limbs.
(E) Some smaller sea-dwelling mammals, such as modern dolphins, have no visible indications of hind limbs.

What is the reasoning for A? By POE I can obtain it.

Official Answer

1 Answer

Smah
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(A) Whale bones older than the fossilized hind limbs confirm that ancient whales had full pelvises.- CORRECT - since they have full pelvis and acc to premise, if they have pelvis, we can expect them to have hind limbs . so Supporting
(B) No skeletons of ancient whales with intact hind limbs capable of supporting the mammals' weight have ever been found.- Wrong( weakening the argument)
(C) Scientists are uncertain whether the apparently non-functioning limbs of other early mammals derived from once-functioning limbs of their ancestors.- Irrelevant( Not concerned about other mammals)
(D) Other large-bodied mammals like seals and sea lions manoeuvre on beaches and rocky coasts without fully functioning hind limbs.- Again Irrelevant. Concerned with whales only.
(E) Some smaller sea-dwelling mammals, such as modern dolphins, have no visible indications of hind limbs.- Irrelevant again( Not concerned with what's happening for other mammals)
answered Jul 8, 2017 by Beginner (1 point)
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