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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take OG16 SC134

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OG16 SC134
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
Please explain your answers. Thanks.

Official Answer

3 Answers

GMATwithCJ
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Solution

Sentence Analysis

The sentence says that local shrimpers held a news conference last week. They did so to take credit for the revival of some turtle species. In the news conference, they said something. What did they say?

Let?s focus on the part after "saying that" i.e.

  • their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

Here, "requiring" is a verb-ing modifier modifying the previous noun "laws". So, "requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets" is a modifier modifying laws. The sentence is, therefore, essentially:

  • their compliance with laws protect adult sea turtles.

We can see that we have a SV agreement error here: subject "compliance" is singular, and verb "protect" is plural.

There is no other error in the original sentence. The verb-ing modifier "requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets" is correct; it follows subjunctive verb format after requiring. The usage is correct.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect . This option has SV agreement error, as explained above.

(B) Correct . This option uses singular verb "is protecting" for the singular noun "compliance". This option also writes the "requiring" modifier in another correct away.

(C) Incorrect . This option has the same SV error as option A has.

(D) Incorrect . This option has SV agreement error ? uses plural verb "are protecting" for singular subject "compliance". In addition, the use of infinitive "to require" to modify laws is incorrect; we need either "that require" or "requiring".

(E) Incorrect . This option has same "to require" error as option D has.

answered Jun 28, 2017 by Beginner (1 point)
gmatclubforum
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Top Pick from GMAT Club Forum
Concept tested : SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level : High
Illustration :
This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know
that the main verb in the underlined portion "protect" is wrong as the main
subject "compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command
subjunctive in A. "be" is used as the command subjunctive).

According to this logic, A and C are wrong.
Now among B, D and E, "to require" indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning
(please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect.
B is the correct answer.
Tip: "Laws to require" indicates purpose of the law, but "laws requiring indicates
contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives
might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1.Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2.Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed
firearm. Wrong.
2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent
something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

answered Jun 28, 2017 by Beginner (21 points)
gmatclubforum
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Top Pick from GMAT Club Forum

The best way to solve is look for subject-verb agreement. complaince should have singular verb thus we have only b and e left. E makes no sense as the use of infinitive is wrong. Thus B must be the answer
answered Sep 20, 2017 by Beginner (21 points)
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