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# Almost like clones in their similarity to one another the cheetah

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Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease .
(A) the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity

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# Solution

### Sentence Analysis

As we read the sentence from the beginning, we understand that somethings are almost like clones, and they are like clones in terms of their similarity to each other. So, as we read further, we expect to see a plural noun that can be "like clones". However, we encounter the noun "the cheetah species? homogeneity". Please note that "cheetah species" is not a noun here; it?s acting as an adjective to "homogeneity".

So, we have an error here ? Illogical modification. We know that homogeneity cannot be like clones!

Also, since we have a pronoun "them" (?makes them especially"), it needs to refer to a noun; however, cheetah species is not acting as a noun in this sentence. Thus, we do not have an antecedent for "them". (Please note that in OG2017 Q805, a pronoun "she" refers to a noun in the possessive form. Since there is an official precedent that a pronoun can refer to a noun in the possessive form, this error is not deterministic i.e. we cannot reject an option just for this problem. However, it also doesn?t mean that we become completely indifferent to this rule. The presence of an exception to a rule doesn?t mean that we discard the rule altogether. I think it means that we use this rule but do not reject an option just for violating this rule.)

Therefore, the original sentence has two errors .

### Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect . This option has two errors as explained above.

(B) Incorrect . For the following reasons:

1. "Like" illogically compares "the cheetah species" with clones. The cheetah species is not like clones; it?s the members that are like clones. Besides, even if we say that one cheetah species can be like a clone of another cheetah species, then we should have used a plural verb "are" instead of "is" in the sentence.
2. Since "species" is singular here, there is no antecedent for "their".
3. The presence of singular "species" also makes the use "one another" illogical.

(C) Incorrect . For the following reasons:

1. "Like" illogically compares "homogeneity" with clones.
2. No antecedent for "their".
3. The use of "one another" become illogical in the absence of a logical antecedent for "their".

(D) Incorrect . For the following reasons:

1. "Like" illogically compares "homogeneity" with clones.
2. Even though logically "their" refers to "members of the cheetah species", structurally the reference is difficult to make. After "almost like clones in their similarity to one another", we would expect to see something that "are similar to each other". To that "something", we expect "their" to refer to. Thus, while we cannot say that the antecedent doesn?t exist, we can say that the structure of the sentence is wanting.

(E) Correct . "Like" correctly compares "members of the cheetah species" with clones. Also, "their" logically and structurally refers to "members of the cheetah species".

answered Jun 5, 2018 by Beginner (1 point)
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Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease .
A. the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
--> "homogeneity" is wrongly compared to "clones" . We can say that one clone is smiliar to another clone. However, can we say that a homogeneity is similar to another homogeneity? ---> It is obviously that "homogeneity" can't be compared with "clones" . Also, "them" has no specific antecedent.
One gramma point noted by Vivek123 long ago:
1. The taciturn personality of Joana makes her difficult to approach. --> in this case, "her" is understood to refer to "Joana"
In another case:
2. Joana's taciturn personality makes her difficult to approach --> "her" cannot be used to refer to "Joana"
==> for above reasons, A is out.
B. the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
--> "its" has no specific antecedent, whether it's "species" or "disease" we don't know. --> B is out.
C. the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
---> "homogeneity" is wrongly compared with "clones"
--> C is out.
D. homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
---> Same reason as in C. --> out
E. members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity --> correct.

answered Jun 5, 2018 by Beginner (21 points)
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Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.
A. the cheetah species? homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
B. the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
C. the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
D. homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
E. members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity
In D - the problem is that HOMOGENEITY appears directly after the opening Modifying Phrase (Almost like.. one another); This causes a modifier problem because it is the Cheetah Members who are like clones not Homogeneity. So D is out.
answered Jun 5, 2018 by Beginner (21 points)
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