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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in

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Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.
A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct
C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing

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GMATwithCJ
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Top Pick from GMAT with CJ

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials
    • that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria,
  • so ancient Greek materials from the construction of that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

The sentence presents a similarity. Ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria. Similarly, ancient Greek materials from the construction of the same city were reused by others in subsequent centuries.

The problem with the sentence is that it seems to mix two constructions that are used to present similarity i.e. "like X, Y" (X and Y are nouns) and "Just as M, so N" (M and N are clauses). The given sentence begins with "Like"; however, the main clause begins with "so". If "like" were to be used, we would need the clause to begin with the subject "ancient Greek materials" and not "so".

Since "so" is used in the non-underlined part, we need to change the underlined part so that it uses "Just as" construction.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect . For the error described above.

(B) Incorrect . Has the same error as option A.

(C) Correct . This option uses the "Just as" construction correctly. The sentence now has the complete "Just as_so" construction.

(D) Incorrect . For the following reasons:

  1. There is no antecedent for "they".
  2. This option uses active voice in the "Just as" part whereas the sentence has passive voice in the "so" part. Thus, there is a lack of parallelism.

(E) Incorrect . The use of "like" is incorrect, as explained in the sentence analysis.

answered Jun 10, 2017 by Beginner (1 point)
gmatclubforum
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Top Pick from GMAT Club Forum
Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of the that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.
1)
Like -> Compares two nouns and "so" is used for reason.
Like X, Y is the proper usage
2) Just as X, so Y
It shows the comparison of X and Y and X and Y should be parallel
A) Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of -> Eliminated because of Reason 1
B) Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materials to construct -> Eliminated because of Reason 1
C) Just as ancient Egyptians architectural materials were recycled in the construction of -> Correct
D) Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing
The next part of the sentence is a clause and "They" cannot be compared to "ancient Greek materials"
E) Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in constructing
Just Like X Y is comparison marker and is used to compare two nouns.
Just Like X so Y is wrong usage

answered Jun 10, 2017 by Beginner (21 points)
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