- Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument (Main Clause. Subject – “studies”; Verb – “advance”)
- that emotions, (“That” Clause modifying 'argument'. Subject – “emotions”)
- including those deemed personal or private (additional info about “emotions”)
- is a social phenomenon, though one inseparable from bodily response. (Verb of “that” clause – “is”)
The sentence talks about the argument proposed by some studies. The argument is that emotions are social phenomena but are inseparable from bodily response.
The sentence has the following two errors:
- The singular verb “is” doesn’t agree with the plural subject “emotions”.
- The phrase “including…private” has a beginning comma but not the ending comma. A comma needs to be inserted after “private”.
(A) Incorrect . For the errors mentioned above.
(B) Correct . Both the errors of the original sentence have been rectified.
(C) Incorrect . For the following reasons:
- Error no. 2 of the original sentence.
- “those” doesn’t refer to anything. The structure in this option is “emotions are not those inseparable from bodily response”.
(D) Incorrect . For the following reasons:
- The dash after “private” would have been correct if the dash had preceded “including”. However, since a comma precedes “including”, a comma is needed after “private”.
- The structure would be better if the verb “are” is repeated after “but” i.e. “are social phenomena but are not separable”.
(E) Incorrect . For the following reasons:
- “or also as private emotions” is wrong since “or also” doesn’t make sense and also since “as private emotions” is not parallel to “personal”.
- “not inseparable” is opposite to the given “inseparable”.
- The meaning is more clearly communicated by saying “social phenomena that are inseparable from…” than by saying “social phenomena inseparable from…”.