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Meenakshi Jain
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Graduates of medical schools are interested in practical work as practicing physicians

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Graduates of medical schools are interested in practical work as practicing physicians. However, research laboratories mainly deal with theoretical work, and therefore, they are reluctant to hire personnel who are not interested in research. Consequently, research laboratories rarely hire graduates of medical schools.
The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Graduates of medical schools are interested in working for research laboratories.
(B) The only people not interested in research work are those who are interested in practical work.
(C) Most employees of research laboratories are not graduates of medical schools.
(D) Research laboratories would hire graduates of medical schools if such graduates were interested in research work.
(E) Few medical school graduates who are interested in practical work are also interested in research.

Official Answer

1 Answer

Meenakshi Jain
1
In the case of assumption, the best approach is to negate the answer choice. Assumption has to be true. Let us look into this case.
Conclusion: research laboratories rarely hire graduates of medical schools
Negated D: Research laboratories would NOT hire graduates of medical schools if such graduates were interested in research work.
Negated E: Most medical school graduates who are interested in practical work are also interested in research.
If we insert Negated D into the argument, the conclusion isn't destroyed but rather supported.
If we insert Negated E into the argument, the conclusion is destroyed because there is now no valid reason to not hire a medical school graduate.
Hence asnwer is E.
answered Feb 23, 2015 by Senior Associate (449 points)
1Comments
Great Answer!  The problem with the argument is that it is assuming being interested in practical work and research are mutually exclusive, so we need an answer that confirms this.
commented Feb 23, 2015 by Associate (125 points)
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